Casino Games History or How People Have Learnt to Count Cards; Part 2

Thorp’s Era.

If you don’t know, now we are living in 43th year of Thorp’s era. This person had such a great influence on the blackjack and all the gambling industry, that I seriously consider that he is worth of setting up a monument while alive, by the way at the casino’s expense.

Being a young scientist, Edward O. Thorp regularly read mathematic journals. When he was a student, he was pressed for money. The idea of outplaying the casino on the basis of calculations appealed to Thorp and he decided to check the results of the “excellent four” and see what will come out of it. The result of his activity was a phenomenal book Beat The Dealer, now its sales are approaching million of samples.

Thorp chose the other way – he did not make analytical calculations, but with powerful at that time computer IBM (they were also called mainframe) he wrote several programs on Fortran, creating quite original methods for 60s. By the way, Thorp together with his research instructor Claude Elwood Shannon, a great scientist, were also involved in solving the problem “how to outplay the roulette?”

From his calculations Thorp understood that dead cards had a considerable effect on the gambler’s chances this or that way. His main idea was about memorizing the dead cards in somewhat simplified way and when the situation is beneficial for the player, make high stakes. By the way, this system still remains the basis of any methods and counting systems of blackjack.

The counting system introduced by Thorp, was rather complicated for usage in real casinos, required great concentration and large amount of mentally arithmetic actions. However with good training there was nothing impossible in its application.

Thorp’s book immediately became a success and bestseller. Everyone understood that with quite simple actions you can get an advantage. Every reader dreamt of enormous prizes. However, the casinos also knew the score.

Panic seized them. And in 1962 after Thorp’s book, all Las Vegas Casinos without exception changed their rules being afraid of mass influx of “system players”. The quality of the rules worsened terribly and no counting system could ever help you to win. Though the effect for casino turned out to be quite unpredictable and reverse – people stopped playing blackjack. And during several months, all the casinos had to return to the former rules for their own survival.

Another interesting effect caused by Thorp’s book- incredible popularity of blackjack outrunning the favorite American craps. A lot of people, after reading the book considered themselves potential winners and rushed to the blackjack tables. However, most of them had a bad understanding of the mathematical principles of the game did not become winners but quite vice versa. Therefore, casino got more clients and moreover losing clients. Since then their number is only increasing.

The system presented in the first edition of Thorp’s book was quite difficult even for professionals and only the few could apply it under the conditions of a real game. Something should be simplified.

The power behind the throne.

Julian Braun is quite a unique personality. He had hardly ever played a deal in real blackjack. But he played millions and maybe even billions of deals on the computer. Braun was a good mathematician and programmer and he got interested in Thorp’s idea and offered him cooperation in the sphere of calculations and programming.

Braun became the person who first invented the counting system Hi-Lo. He was behind the development of all modern systems the authorship of which belongs to Revere, Humble, Wong and Uston. He wrote the only book How to Play Winning Blackjack, but what a book!

Braun upgraded Thorp’s system on FORTRAN and made considerable changes and the second edition of Thorp’s book also contained Hi-Lo system in its modern form. It was quite a revolution in gambling world. Braun worked in IBM corporation and had access to probably most powerful computers of that time. This fact helped to build simple and efficient tool in struggle with casino.

Using Braun’s calculations the gambler mostly known as Lawrence Revere developed his own counting system and presented his results in the form of convenient tables which are applied in most counters of the world. Lance Humble based his HiOpt systems on Braun’s experience.
Regardless the fact that Julian most probably had never been to the casino, he became a power behind the throne of the blackjack and all the mathematical modeling of the game fell on him.

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Casino Games History or How People Have Learnt to Count Cards; Part 3

Gladiators.
Mathematical developments of the game pioneers and creation of simple and efficient counting systems incited the appearance of a great galaxy of professional players and experts of blackjack.

Revere invented a new simple counting system and first described the method of reducing the current score to the real one. Stanford Wong amplified and improved Hi-Lo system, and also developed the Halves system. Lance Humble, Brison, Gordon, Harvey Dubner, – all these giants made a great contribution to the development of the methods of the game.

In late 70s the professional gambler Al Francesco, probably created the first blackjack team in history. He hired the enthusiasts, taught them Lawrence Revere’s counting system and sent them to play. He invented and put into practice the principle of “BIG PLAYER” – when the part of the team is humbly playing low and some drunken and wealthy fish makes high bets on the given signals.

Ken Uston also belonged to this team. Uston was the vice president of fund stock exchange at that time. However after meeting Revere he quitted the stock exchange and changed his strict outfit for magnificent bush of hair, golden chains and silk shirts with huge collars in the style of that time.

Uston played for Francesco’s team for quite a long time and with varied success, but his ego did stand it under the pressure of his own ego. He had a very high opinion of himself and wanted to be the first in everything. He left Francesco and wrote several books about his adventures. The books simply exploded the gambling world.

The book “BIG PLAYER” revealed the secrets of team game. The Book “Million Dollar Blackjack” is stuffed with unbelievable stories in intervals explaining the technical aspects also presents different cards counting systems. Uston made people believe that one can beat casino playing blackjack. Win a lot. Millions of dollars. Also everyone found out how casinos react to the professional gamblers – slams, insinuations, blacklists, crooked gambling, false accusations. Uston was in the blacklists all over the world, having won with his several teams about 8 million dollars.

By the way, Al Francesco and many other players are still dissatisfied with Uston’s actions who decided to publish the methods of the game which were then available only to the few. But Uston would not be himself if he had not done it.

The next outburst of his popularity was in early 80s, when Ken won the case against a casino in New Jersey (Resorts International Hotel Inc.). Since then no casino of this state (unlike, for example, Las Vegas in Nevada ) is not eligible to prohibit playing to person who can count cards. On the other hand, this verdict made the rules in Nevada much worse than in Vegas.

The next wave of the struggle between the casino and counters relates to Uston’s era. The casinos understood, that well-financed team of pros can cause great losses. And then the multidecked games, frequent riffle were coming into fashion and several good rules just died away. There appeared special detective agencies who spied on the professional players, collected the necessary information about them and distributed it among the casinos.

Uston created new methods of the game, used makeup, recruited more and more people in his teams and started playing abroad. He also was writing new books, was starring on TV, was writing new articles, was developing new counting systems. By the way Ken, wrote the book on optimal game strategy for Pac-Man (arcade video game). It’s a video game not for money, he was just interested in it.

One of the most scandalous Kenny’s projects was creating the team against the casino with using the computer. They used hidden on the body and in the shoes micro chips that calculated the current situation in the game more precisely than any other “human” strategy and gave the necessary signals to the player. His teams almost broke several casinos, but in a while they were caught, arrested and accused of fraud, the computer was confiscated. However, the experts including FBI experts, proved that there was no fraud and the accusations were withdrawn. In two weeks the Supreme Court of the USA of Nevada State made the usage of computing devices in casinos illegal….

Kenny was a good guy, the heart of the company, first class jazz musician, loved by women and press. He had great plans on making a film, writing new books, arranging one more trial, and surely new projects on blackjack. His life was suddenly interrupted in 1983 and the version that casinos are privy to his death is not cast back yet.

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Online Casino Games – History of the Online Casino Games

From the past few decades, it has been observed that the online games are growing rapidly. Most of the people are interested to play these games to relax their minds and some of them are playing for hue money. However, there is small history behind these casino games. In earlier days, if you want to play these games, you need to travel to world’s finest cities or your local casino halls. With the advent of internet technology, so many people are playing the games from their comfortable home only. Micro gaming and internet are combined and formed a new version of games called online gambling.

In earlier days of internet, most of the manufacturers of these games are introduced so much software for free of cost. After that they have added some E-commerce technologies and pioneer of technology has created some financial transactions in this software, and they launched first real money online private club called Internet Casino. After few years, these online casinos are growing rapidly, and they are improved in both formats like gaming and administrative features. And coming to the Progressive jackpot, there are so many wide ranges of features are available for you, and you are able to play with different players from different countries. And the development in internet has been creating so many options like faster and larger jack pots to the people. And also there are so many utilities are available for you, and sometimes you need to check on their gaming history and financial history.

According to this century, most of the people are interested in these online gambling games, and it is reporting a phenomenal growth and coming to the software it has upgraded their products significantly. With the help of Vegas technology, there are so many online casinos are available for you in the internet. Most of these games are compatible to all operating systems and there does not need to download these games from the web sites. Multi lingual and multi currency are the best options for these online casino games. However, there are some well established organizations are providing their valuable services and research to their clients. From the past few years, the advents in these online casino games are continuing without end. However, the government has been declaring some essential rule sand regulations to the online casinos to launder money. You need to consider so many things before selecting the best one for your needs and sometimes, you need to know about the online games and secured online truncations and many more issues.

Finally, there are some well established and experienced web sites are offering these online casino games for their customers. For more information and details, please visit their valuable web site.

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Online Casinos – Error Free Dealers

With the coming of online casinos, gone are the days of the dealer making a big error, and making the players pay for it by wasting their time fixing up the problem. The last time I was at a casino playing roulette, the dealer made an error when spinning the ball, and it ended up taking 1 hour to fix. What an absolute waste of my precious time, and I didn’t even get an apology. That problem has been solved with the advent of online casinos. Online casino dealers are absolutely perfect and never make any errors. What advantages does this offer a player? It offers several advantages, including the following:

1) Faster Game Play

Games won’t be stopped and brought to a halt due to an incompetent dealers bad dealings. You will experience much faster game play, far more superior to that of any human dealer.

2) Error Free Results

If you win $100, you will get paid exactly $100. You will never get ripped off, which means more profits in the long term, especially if you never keep track of all your payouts.

3) More Professional Service

Since an online dealer is absolutely perfect, they will give you a better, more professional service every single time. Online dealers never a bad day, and they never get angry, frustrated, or behave rudely.

I’m very happy with the service I’ve been getting from my online casino dealer! Since returning to the local land based casino and receiving bad service from real life human dealers, I have since learned why I started betting at online casinos in the first place.

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